Social Forestry in Indonesia is an important core of the government’s long term plan as a vehicle to provide opportunities for farmers to achieve their rights in order to participate in managing forests sustainably.
Government’s Program on Poverty Alleviation
In a combined bid to improve the lives of slash-and-burn farmers and to keep forests sustainable, the Indonesian government is several months into its Perhutanan Sosial (Social Forestry) program, put in place last September by President Joko Widodo. The program offers farmers the opportunity to use designated forest plots legally for up to 35 years. The government is also offering institutional and business support. (
Community-based forest management (CBFM) is projected as a potential mechanism where partnerships between the government and local communities in forest management is promoted. In CBFM, local communities are entitled to manage and benefit from nearby forests. Theoretically, local communities are better stewards in promoting poverty alleviation with the sustainable use of forest. Bolland et al (2012) suggested that community-managed forests presented lower and less variable annual deforestation rates than protected forests. The mechanism encompasses different land-use-type management in which the social and economic needs of local inhabitants, as well as tenure rights and local capacities, are accommodated.
The government of Indonesia, then, set up a target: to licence two million hectares of community forest and village forest from 2010 to 2014. In mid-2014, the Forestry Ministry database showed that only
7.6 percent of the target was fulfilled. Permits for only 152,010 hectares of community-based forest across Indonesia were issued.
Poverty alleviation remains one of the most pressing problems in Indonesia. The number of Indonesians living on less than US S2 per day is almost the same as the total population living on US S2 per day from all countries in East Asia except China. The government’s commitment to alleviate poverty is stated in the medium-term development plan (RPJM) 2005 – 2009 which was compiled based on the national poverty reduction strategy (SNPK). In addition to signing the Millennium Development Goals for 2015 in its RPJM the government has set the main goals in poverty alleviation for 2009, including ambitious targets to reduce poverty from 18.2% in 2002 to 8 , 2% in 2009 although the national poverty rate is approaching before a critical condition, this still means that around 40 million people currently live below the poverty line. Moreover, although Indonesia is now a middle-income country, the proportion of the population living on less than US S2 per day (
Has Social Forestry been part of blended program of the Poverty Alleviation
- Mitigation of the Global Climate Change In 2017, in Bonn
The social forestry program that is now being implemented by the Indonesian government is expected to be able to resolve the issue of sustainable use of the landscape and maintain food security in harmony in mitigating global climate change.
That was the presentation delivered by the Minister of Environment and Forestry (MoEF) Siti Nurbaya at the 23rd meeting of the Climate Change Conference (COP UNFCCC) Fiji, which took place in Bonn, Germany, Wednesday (11/15). This session was attended by a number of leaders of COP participating countries.
“There are 4-5 practices that we have implemented related to landscape utilization and food security,” Minister Nurbaya said when met at the Indonesian Pavilion. It was said, the issue of the use of the landscape meant that it was related to various aspects that were there where there were physical and human factors. If it is related to the effort to eliminate hunger (zero hunger), then the application of social forestry patterns is very appropriate.
What forms of positive intervention from the government in the context of poverty alleviation?
Until now the status of the management community still needs to be improved. After obtaining a license or permit for rights to their managed areas, where will they go after that? We ourselves believe that the community has its own solution in facing future forest management challenges.